Advierten sobre peligros del sexismo en medicina

Although sex influences the prevalence of diseases such as cancer, the VIH and cardiac infections, the women themselves are underrepresented in the medical examination as in the treatment of diagnoses and treatments, advised a study (again) mujeres y un varón) published in the journal of the Instituto Nacional de Salud de Colombia.

Alert work on the possible sex drive of the scientific evidence in the sentiments: the relationship with social mechanisms and access to health systems, many of them preventable and unjust; and the vinculado to the biological mechanisms and the medical maneuver, some inevitable but also related to the different necessities of men and women.

Based on the terms that podiums reveal sexism situations, investigators are appealing to data mining techniques (the employer search in large information packets) and aggregation algorithms, with the goal of constructing reasons to help deduce conceptual topics related to the data base publications PubMed, free access and specialized in health themes, with over 19 million bibliographic references.

If the reporter finds the increment of publications that investigate the factors of Mayor incidence of cardiac disease in women (as well as the complications of embarrassment and the temporary initiation of menopause), criticize the response to the development of particular policies.

Between the most related terms with the female condition are detected “disparity in health” and “medical attention of the party”. In addition, there is a little paper that is devoted to matters relevant to social justice, the rights of women and gender identity, as well as socially constructed attributes, in the case of biological characteristics that differentiate between women and men.

However, the treatment and treatment of various medical conditions can be very different for men and women many times this week is not taken into account. Image credit: OPS / OMS, both Creative Commons 2.0 license

These disorders are aborted – by the mayor in minor minor- in investigations into cardiovascular diseases, breast cancer or correctional disorders, pain and analgesia properties, health and mental illness, and infections by the human immunodeficiency virus.

The minor advancement in studies on genetic, autoimmune and mental diseases has to do with the fact that “some research protocols do not include women, arguing that in doing so, the analysis and interpretation of the results are further explained”, explained in an e-mail -one SciDev.Net Mireya Martínez-García, Researcher at the National Institute of Mexican Cardiology and one of the authors of the work.

An interview was conducted two years ago in this situation, Julia Tagüeña -ex Deputy Director of the Scientific Council of the National Council for Science and Mexican Technology- Destroying the Importance of a Genocide in Cardiovascular Diseases. As scintillating sciatica is more severe than in men, some women are unrecognized while undergoing a cardiac attack and are not hospitalized at the time.

The symptoms and complications with the VIH that the females are experiencing are also different, but a 2016 revision in the United States found that they only represent the 11th percentile in the studies that are being explored.

… Some research protocols do not include women, arguing that in doing so, the analysis and interpretation of the results will be more detailed”.

Mireya Martínez-García, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología, Mexico

The gender miracle, Martínez-García recalls, er uforståelig “to influence the studies and research of the Mayor in terms of possible nurses, and to focus the bases on the design of practices and policies that help reduce disparities in diagnostic and treatment materials ”.

It is also permissible to take into account the social determinants affecting physical issues and the account of the obstacles that women may have and diversity to access the necessary resources, plant in telephone directory Magdalena Arias, coordinator of the Licentiate in Psychology of the University of ISALUD, who is not part of the study.

“As suelen estar a cargo of the dependent persons, the women have less time to make medical consultations, which generates an inequality in the ownership of this right”, exemplifies.

In some situations, including accepting that the couple attends the meeting with male gynecologists, Agree Arias, who also doula (accompanying during the embarrassment and the party).

The authors of the work prevent these disparities from disappearing when the health staff abandons the idea of ​​a “bikini medicine”, which means that women can be diagnosed and treated in the same way as men.

“Never is it the same as equal parts,” insists Arias, who criticizes “the paternalistic miracle of health and sickness processes.”

Martínez-García demands to guarantee the inclusion and representativeness of women in the publications of research studies, advocate interdisciplinary programs that contribute to diminishing the idea of ​​fragmentation of its health, and disrupting more opportunities for carriage development.

Although the promise of Latin American investigators is greater than the world number (44 against 28 per cent), women can not read about the power of leadership or the decision-making ambitions with the same frequency as men.

The “formation should” be included in the initial plans of the careers, but also in the ascension competitions, in the update courses and in the training in service “, agrees Arias.

As an example of mediators who help to reverse the inequality in access to medical services, it proposes that health centers and secondary colleges assess women and men in family planning and that they only allow them to transmit the maternity leave- the calendar of its controllers coincides with its hijacks.

At this point, the political decision appears as a fundamental requirement. A more equitable scenario, concludes Martínez-García, is the only one that can be explored in the drafting of legislative strategies that address the problem of sexism in all its complexity.

> Add the complete study to the Biomedical Review